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ACTIVITIES OF ENUGU STATE BROADCASTING SERVICE IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the Role of Enugu State Broadcasting Service in Conflict Resolution. (A study of Enugu North).To achieve this aim, the survey research method was used. Subjects were drawn from the audience of Enugu North, using simple random sampling technique and purposive sampling technique. Four research questions guided the study. Research findings showed that Enugu State Broadcasting Service has contributed greatly to conflict resolution through the programmes they aired. The research also found out that there is a high level of the state government interference in ESBS affairs. To this end, the researcher recommended that the level of interference of the state government in the affairs of ESBS should be at minimum to ensure efficiency in their discharge of duties. The researcher suggested that further studies should be carried out on the impact of ESBS in sustainable programmes on conflict resolution. Programmes that aid conflict resolution should be appropriately sponsored to make for continuity.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page i

Declaration ii

Certification iii

Dedication iv

Acknowledgement v

Table of contents vii

List of tables viii

Abstract i

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

1.2 Statement of the problem

1.3 Objectives of the study

1.4 Research Questions

1.5 Scope of study

1.6 Significance of the study

1.7 Operational Definition of Significant Terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Review of Concepts

2.2.1 Concept of conflict

2.2.2 Concept of conflict management

2.2.3 Concept Conflict Resolution

2.2.4 Concept of Broadcasting

2.3 Review of Related Studies

2.4 Theoretical Framework

2.5 Summary  

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Research Design

3.3 Population of the study

3.4 Sample Size and Sampling Technique

3.5 Description of the Research Instrument

3.6 Validity of Data Gathering Instrument

3.7 Method of Data Collection

3.8 Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESETNATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Analysis of Demographic Data

4.3 Discussion of Finding

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary of Findings

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendations

5.5 Suggestion for Further Studies

Reference

Appendix A

Appendix B

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Human beings as social animals have always been embroiled in temporary and continuous disputes and fracas collectively called conflicts since time immemorial. This come in the form of individuals against individuals, families against families, kingdoms against kingdoms, and more contemporary, countries against countries. Boulding, K. (1989).

According to Pruitt and Robbins, (2002). Conflict can be defined as “The perceived divergence ofinterest, or a belief that the party‟s current aspirations cannot be achieved simultaneously fromgradual interactions between the parties. They are ultimately a direct result of the given

relationships and interactions between species, will in one way or another breed friction anddiscontent thereby, giving rise to perceived injustice and the attendant frictions and agitations. Bercovitch, J. (2002). However, the need to be recognized as a member of a unit is such a functional social

factor, that any attempt or perceived attempt to undo or ridicule the natural statutes, breeds divergent and friction thereby gradually heating up the system to a toxic edge. Wilson,K.(1988). Thus, minimizing this friction has become imperative as it has seldom proved impossible to eliminate. This redemption notion has given birth to the theory of  Conflict Resolution‟‟ a brain child of the need for stakeholders to work out a route of any conflict.

Brief History of Enugu State Broadcasting Service [ESBS]

Enugu State Broadcasting Services comprises of radio and television outfit. It has been in existence since independence in the Eastern part of Nigeria since 1960. Enugu State Broadcasting Service was formally known as Eastern Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation [ENBC]. Eastern Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation television consisted of a two camera studio

and control room, television with a 100 Watts television transmitter.

During the Nigeria Civil War, ENBC was known as Radio Biafran. The challenges of the war put the ability and technology to the acid test. The corporation retained its name as Eastern Nigeria Broadcasting Corporation till the end of the Nigeria Civil War in 1970. It was later recalled, East Central State Broadcasting Service [ECBS], to reflect its ownership by the news which was carved out from the Eastern region. But with the creation of new Anambra and Enugu State in 1991, and the subsequent disengagement of the staff on March 16,1992, the Anambra Broadcasting Service Enugu Awka and Enugu State Broadcasting Services [ESBS]. Mr. Peter Prouman was its first director general. Enugu State Broadcasting Service was established for effective information dissemination in all parts of the state. It was to bridge the information gap between the government and the governed from rural to urban areas in order to stimulate interest between government and rural folks. It is in the light of the above that the study is designed to measure the “The Role of Enugu State Broadcasting Service in Conflict Resolution.‟‟

Conflict Resolution

Conflict resolution is generally conceptualized as the methods and processes involved in facilitating the peaceful resolution or ending of conflict.

Avruch,K.(1990). Often, committed group of members attempt to resolve group conflicts by actively communicating Information about their conflicting motives or ideologies to the rest of the group. By this means, they tender their intentions and reasons for certain beliefs, engaging in collective negotiations that are intended to end the conflict or crisis.

The term “conflict resolution” may also be used interchangeably with dispute resolution, where arbitration and litigation processes are critically involved. Burton,J.(2002). In Nigeria ,and nEnugu to be precise, conflicts which have had menacing effects on the life the people , especially

conflicting communities or parties ,have always been resolved by the direct intervention of government.

The government intervention comes in the form of direct deployment of military and paramilitary personnel’s in war-prone conflicting areas, negotiations committees that reach out bto the elders(stakeholders) of the conflicting parties or by the use of media, through anti-conflict propaganda messages. Dentsch,M. (1983).

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