A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE CHALLENGES CONFRONTING THE EDUCATION OF PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN IN NIGERIA
The purpose of this research work is to investigate the problems of educating the physically handicapped students in Nigeria (A case study of College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin). This work is divided into five chapters. According to the project its first chapter deals with the introduction, definition of terms are given. It also deals with the problem of study and significance. Chapter two is concerned with the review of related literature. Chapter three contains method and administration of questionnaires which was collected and it was observed that the physically handicap students can perform effectively like other normal students. Chapter four involves presentation of data and discussion. Chapter five looks into findings, it was found out that being physically handicapped does not affect student’s performances in learning. It was also found that no special problem prevent the physically handicaps from learning. Consequently, appropriate recommendations were made to ameliorate this trend in the schools.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Delimitation of the study
Limitations of the study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Chapter Two- Literature Review
The public perception of physically handicapped children
Aims and effects of education on the physically handicapped children
The teacher role in the development of the physically handicapped children.
Physically handicapped children and the past development in learning
Role of government and other organizations in elevating the status of the physically handicapped.
Population of the study
Sample and sampling procedures
Validity of the instrument
Method of data analysis
Chapter Four – Data Analysis and Interpretation
Suggestions for further research
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The handicapped children are gifted children who have ability to be educated irrespective of their disabilities, like the deaf, the blind, the dumb, lame etc. therefore, the handicapped children in Nigeria posses the talents and all the aggregate of learning just like their counter parts at school. Education which is a life provided for every individual, the physically handicapped inclusive. The team can be viewed in many ways mainly psychological and maladjustment.
A handicapped child is a child that lacks something that made him/her incapable of living like other children, it could be the hands, legs, eyes, ear etc in every day life, the term handicap is often used to signify a physical defect, limb, paralysis, partial or total blindness etc. all these features renders the child incapable of living in quite same ways as the normally endowed.
The term handicapped, when used in a wider sense, include intellectual disabilities and disadvantages which are cause learning hardship. In the light of the above discussion, the study will look into the various learning hardship likely to be faced by the handicapped child in school. Previous researchers have revealed that behaviours are judged in terms of the society existing standards, therefore the ability of the handicapped can be under estimated by their teacher because already they are termed that they cannot perform as well as the naturally endowed pupils/students. This study will examine the various problems facing the education of the handicaps ones.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Handicapping conditions in students are of varied forms, of which physical handicap is one of the numbers. It is noted that handicapping situation could hinder academic progress in the world over. This posse a lot of problems to educators, parents and stake holders in the educational sector.
A lot of emotional, psychological or physical and psychomotor problems affect the education of students. The combined effect of this problem is the crux of this study. This is necessary because experience has shown that education is a delicate carefully. These studies therefore seeks to investigate these multifarious problems which could hinder the education of the physically handicapped students in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study is limited to investigate the problem of educating the physically handicapped among students of College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin. Students in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin are the main aim and focus of this research because of the facts that they are more matured in age.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
To identify the handicapped condition that are situate for learning.
To consider the effects of the physically handicapped on the career of the physically handicapped students.
To correct the general belief of people that handicapped students cannot contribute significantly to the society.
To access the problems of handicapped students in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
At the end of this study, the physically handicapped students need extra attention in order to be successful.
It is also the responsibilities of teachers to the handicapped students has to be greatly improved than that of the normal students.
And they need special attention from their teachers before they can learn effectively, and also hoped that there are no special problems that can prevent the handicapped students not to learn. This study shall be of great importance to all learning centres, mostly to students and teachers in College of Education, Ekiadolor-Benin.
The research has formulated the following problems questions for the purpose of classification in this study.
1. Does being handicapped affects students performance in learning?
2. What are the special problems that prevent the handicapped students from performing effectively in learning?
3. Is it possible for handicaps to take part in learning activities like other normal students?
4. Does a handicaps student need special attention from the teacher/lecturers?
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Below is a summary definition of some of the terminologies used in this research study.
Handicap: A permanent physical or mental condition that makes it difficult or impossible to use a particular part of the body or mind.
Incapable: Not able to control yourself or your affairs and also not able to do something well.
Physically: In a way that is connected with a persons body rather than their mind.
Disability: A physical or mental condition that means you cannot use a part or your body completely or easily or that you cannot learn easily.
Psychological: Connected with a person’s mind and the way in which it works.
Mentally: connected with a happening in the mind.
Effectively: In a way that produces the intended result or a successful result
Stimulate: To make something develop or become more active or to encourage somebody.
Imagination: The ability to create picture in your mind.
Sub-normal: Having less than the normal level of intelligence.
Deficiency: The state or quality of being hard to do or to understand, the effect that something involves.