THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION AS AN AID TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
This project gives a description of the practical knowledge and working experience acquired by us, during our staying in this school and some research made so far. In that case we started the project with a brief description of the introduction/ back ground statement of problems objective of the study its significance and etc. Furthermore, our special achievements is that we gained some practical experience that can and forwards work in any local government/ company the project covered for the 2 years duration of our course in ordinary national diploma (OND) in public administration and management dealt more on the effect of local government administration in economic and social development which comprises four chapters.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Definition of Terms
2.1 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 Local Government Administration
2.3 The School of Though Relevant
2.4 The History of Local Government in Nigeria
2.5 Social and Economic Development
2.6 Characteristics of Rural Area
2.7 Local Government Mobilization
2.8 Sources of Revenue Generation
3.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
3.2 Testing of Hypothesis
Summary of Results
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
This study is a modest attempt at a lucid explication of the role of local government in Nigeria.
Nigerian local government system has witnessed tremendous transformation since the introductions of the 1988 civil service reforms and its application at the local government administration one of the changes introduced to strengthen the local government is the direct payment of their statutory allocations which was increased from 15% to 20%. In addition local government auditor was established in each state government to ensure proper utilization of financial resources at the local level to check any misappropriation of public funds. Also all local government now has a common structure which distinguish them from service department.
Local government at any level has some stand and roles such as the maintenance of law and order, the promotion of economic and social development. They are left with considerable freedom to act as they see fit for the interest of the local community.
From the point of view the government as agents of development are will place to help the rural areas to develop. These can be done by investing in social and economic infrastructure such as roads, bridges, hospitals, schools, electrification and telecommunication. The other essential duties inherited from the Native Authorities include rural and the urban water supplies markets and libraries. We generally regard the convenience list as including those extra amenities which make for a better life in the community, other than those life in the community, other than those which are concerned with fighting discuss e.g. bus and lorry parks. The regulation of handcarts on the streets, community and recreation centers, parks and open spaces, grazing areas and fuel plantations, the naming of streets and the numbering of buildings. These are recognized as automatically the responsibility of the local government. They also help in the service of park control and supply of water, electricity and gas, the provision of road and water transport, and any other trading undertaking that the state government specifically authorizes.
The local government also take care for a specifically health orientation and supplying of drugs, a midwifery service, to arrange for health visiting and home nursing to provide facilities for vaccination and immunization.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Local government is expected to become more meaningful in facilitating social and economic development at the grassroots level. Central to the achievement of these objectives is the financial viability of this tier of government. This point has been subtly underscored by “Dasuki panel” on local government administration, when it observed inter alia that a good number of local government roles could not be performed at all, due to a variety of reasons principal among which are:
(a) Inadequate financial capacity
(b) Lack of necessary technical manpower, and erosion of functions particularly in the revenue yielding areas by state government – thus reducing the revenue base of the local government.