AN APPRAISAL OF THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN TRADE ON THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
The purpose of this study is to investigate on the impact of revenue generation is local government administration in Nigeria with Enugu North Local Government area as a case study.
The study was based on the theoretical foundation on financial management theory approach by R. Vause and human relations approach of Elton Mayo et al.
The major instrument used for the collection of data was the questionnaire named Revenue Generation Description questionnaire (R.G.D.Q) formulated by the researcher. Other forms used were oral interviews and casual observation. It is with the aid of these instruments that the researcher was able to collect a comprehensive data for the project.
Frequency, and percentage statistical method were used in the analysis of data.
The findings also revealed some anomalies in the Revenue Generation in the local government, which include bad recruitment policies, inadequate training and development, improper disciplinary measures and inadequate compensation scheme.
The researcher concluded by recommending that the local government should provide efficient base uniformity in her recruitment policies and making sure that the workers are adequately trained, developed and very much compensated for job done. This would enable the workers to improve on their efficiency thereby making the local government to be effective and also being responsible and responsive to the needs of the rural dwellers.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of Study
1.2 Statement of Problem
1.3 The Purpose of the Study
1.4 Scope of the Study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Significance of the Study
2.1 Roles and functions of L. Government
2.2 Controls of Local Government Finance
2.3 Source of Local Government Revenue
2.4 Accounting System in Local Government
2.5 Problems and Prospects of Local
2.6 Summary of Related Reviewed Literature
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of Study
3.3 Population for the Study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedure
3.5 Instrument for data collection
3.6 Validation of Instrument
3.7 Method of data collection
3.8 Ratability of the Study
3.9 Method of data analysis
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis
Summary of Results/Findings
Discussions Implications and Recommendations.
5.1 Discussion of Results
5.3 Implications of the research results
5.5 Suggestion for further research
5.6 Limitations of the study
LIST OF TABLES
Table 4.1 Relationship between workers and the Executives
Table 4.2 How Employment Exercise in the Local Government is carried out
Table 4.3 Does the Local Government Train and Develop its workers?
Table 4.4 Adequate Compensation and Remuneration for job done
Table 4.5 Is there any Revenue/Accounts Department in the local Government
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The local government in the country with particular reference to Enugu North Local Government Area has been performing below the expectations of the people it is meant to serve.
Local government is the third tier of government and is defined according to local government reform guideline of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1976 as “A set of Local Government with their own identify, powers and sources of revenue established under state legislation and with functions for which they are responsible to the state”.
The aim of creating local government as the third tier of government is to enable government to get closest to the people at the grass-root there by ensuing that its productivity to the people can sensitize and satisfy the people’s needs in terms of development and provision of services through the involvement of members of the public in the development of their area. It was in pursuance of this aim that both the various state and local government edicts and the for the schedule of the 1979 constitution of Nigeria assigned functions to local governments. These functions were divided into provisions of social services and economic development of the local government area.
However, it is glaring that there were criticism on the mocks – operandi of the staff employed to run its affairs. The criticism ranged from discontinuity, improper policy implementation, misplaced priority, reluctant to changes in its environment, bribery corruption, red tapism and inefficiency.
These malfunction and indeed the merit impediment to the smooth running of our local management services include the issues of misappropriation of funds generated which in effect, militate against the full discharging of the responsibilities of Enugu North local government area in particular and other local government in general.
Based on the above problem, the Enugu North local government area which was created for effective and qualitative rural transformation has not faired efficiently in the accomplishment of these objectives, which includes provision of basic need and infrastructural changes.
The autonomy granted to the local government has retarded the efforts of the local government service commission in bringing uniformity in the employment procedures in the local governments. The issue of mint was not therefore given a favourable consideration as it ought to be. It was based on political compensation, fancily ties, god-fatherism and local patrotism. One therefore wonders how a square peg could be put in a round hole.
In consideration of all these problems planning the Enugu North local government and all the other local government in the country, the need for this study should not be over emphasized.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM:
The local governments have not faired in its aspect of revenue generation, which is one of the essential instrument in the achievement of their stated objectives.
As a matter of fact, inadequate and under-utilization of resources as well as lack of proper planning in the exploitation of the local government financial resources has been the major hindrance militating against the fully discharging of the responsibilities of Enugu North Local Government.
In the same vein, lack of management resourcefulness and administrative competence has been hampering the development of the local government.
Some staff of the local government who are employed to generate revenue are not properly trained.
“Most staff of local governments in Nigeria do not know the objectives or the impact, revenue generation has in government establishment, as a result of this, many to officials defraud such local governments through unexecuted, incomplete and inflated constracts” (Onoja, 1986:3) the further noted that the system of employment is localized and most suitable qualified applicants are sacrificed for unqualified ones.
The problem facing the Enugu North Local Government is diverse are varied. But, the crucial one is improper accountability of the revenue generated. Most of the revenue collectors do not make daily remittance to the financial and supply department. This is because no daily banking instructions have been passed by the authority. This, therefore, signify weakness in the internal control system of the local government.